Effect of 13-epi-sclareol on the bacterial respiratory chain
13-epi-Sclareol is a labdane-type diterpene isolated from the resinous exudates of the medicinal plant species Pseudognaphalium cheiranthifolium (Lam.) Hilliard et Burtt. and P. heterotrichium (Phil.) A. Anderb. This compound has antibacterial activity only against Gram-positive bacteria, showing a bactericidal and lytic action. The interaction of 13-epi-sclareol with the bacterial respiratory chain was analyzed. The compound inhibited oxygen consumption of intact Gram-positive cells, but not with Gram-negative bacteria. The compound inhibited NADH oxidase and cytochrome c reductase activities, while coenzyme Q reductase and the cytochrome c oxidase activities were not affected. These results suggest that the target site of 13-epi-sclareol is located between coenzyme Q and cytochrome c. Using cytoplasmic membrane fractions, the results of the analysis of the enzyme activities associated with the respiratory chain complexes were the same for both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, indicating that the compound has no access to the cytoplasmic membrane of intact Gram-negative bacteria. Thus, the Gram-negative envelope may act as a physical barrier that prevents the access of this compound to the site of action.
|Título según WOS:||Effect of 13-epi-sclareol on the bacterial respiratory chain|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Effect of 13-epi-sclareol on the bacterial respiratory chain|
|Título de la Revista:||PLANTA MEDICA|
|Editorial:||GEORG THIEME VERLAG KG|
|Fecha de publicación:||2004|
|Página de inicio:||1058|