Circum-puna style in the art of pre-hispanic hallucinogenic paraphernalia (Atacama and north-western Argentina)

Horta Tricallotis, Helena; William H. Isbell, Mauricio I. Uribe, Anne Tiballi y Edward P. Zegarra

Keywords: atacama desert, Circum-Puna area, Shamanic Ritual, Human Sacrifice, hallucinogenic complex, pre-Hispanic Iconography


This work is based on a stylistic and contextual analysis of hallucinogenic paraphernalia from funerary contexts in the circum-Puna area. By considering a broad ranging archaeological sample and a thorough literature review, a Circum-Puna style is defined that has a macro-regional character due to its wide field of dispersion (in Chile: Atacama coast, Rio Loa - basin, and Salar de Atacama; in northwestern Argentina: Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Puna of Jujuy). This style is distinct from that of Tiawanaku in both in its formal elements and its temporal placement. Here I define those features which classify this Circum-Puna pattern as a separate style. These characteristics are those that possess a deep rooted relationship with the circum-Puna, although there is evidence of Altiplano-inspired concepts such as the decapitation of individuals who appear to be sacrificed in the framework of a shamanic ritual.

Más información

Editorial: The Cotsen Institute Of Archaeology Press
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Página de inicio: 757
Página final: 784
Idioma: inglés
Financiamiento/Sponsor: Dumbarton Oaks Pre-Colombian Program, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, State University of New York, Binghamton y Universidad de Chile