Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels and influence of 2308 TNF-alpha promoter polymorphism on the responsiveness to infliximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Objective: To investigate the influence of -308 tumour necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) promoter polymorphism and circulating TNF-? levels in the clinical response to the infliximab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: One hundred and thirty-two RA patients were genotyped for TNF-? promoter by polymerase-chain reaction restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. Ten patients with the -308 TNF-? gene promoter genotype G/A, and 10 with the G/G genotype were selected and received 3 mg/kg of infliximab at Weeks 0, 2, 6, and 14. Results: Both groups showed a significant improvement with treatment in all variables studied. Total mean TNF-? levels increased significantly with respect to basal levels in most of patients after treatment [probability (p) = 0.04]. Only patients from G/A showed a statistically significant correlation between ACR 50 and the increase of TNF-? levels (p<0.03). Conclusion: A relationship was detected between ACR criteria of improvement and increased circulating TNF-? levels in RA patients subjected to anti-TNF-? therapy.
|Título según WOS:||Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels and influence of 2308 TNF-alpha promoter polymorphism on the responsiveness to infliximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Tumour necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) levels and influence of -308 TNF-? promoter polymorphism on the responsiveness to infliximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis|
|Título de la Revista:||SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2004|
|Página de inicio:||228|