Designing electrochemical interfaces based on nanohybrids of avidin functionalized-carbon nanotubes and ruthenium nanoparticles as peroxidase-like nanozyme with supramolecular recognition properties for site-specific anchoring of biotinylated residues

Gallay, Pablo; Eguilaz, Marcos; Rivas, Gustavo


We are reporting an original supramolecular architecture based on a rationally designed new nanohybrid with enhanced peroxidase-like activity and site-specific biorecognition properties using avidin-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-Av) and Ru nanoparticles (RuNPs). The nanohybrid-electrochemical interface was obtained by drop-coating of MWCNTs-Av dispersion at glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) followed by solvent evaporation and further electrodeposition of RuNPs (50 ppm RuCl2 for 15 s at -0.600 V). The simultaneous presence of MWCNTs and RuNPs produces a synergic effect on the non-enzymatic catatalytic reduction of H2O2 and allows the quantification of H2O2 in a wide linear range (from 5.0 x 10(-7) M to 1.75 x 10(-3) M) with a low limit of detection (65 nM). The avidin residues present in MWCNTs-Av/RuNPs hybrid nanomaterial allowed the anchoring by bioaffinity of biotinylated glucose oxidase (biot-GOx) as proof-of-concept of the analytical application of MWCNTs-Av platform for biosensors development. The resulting nanoarchitecture behaves as a bienzymatic-like glucose biosensor with a competitive analytical performance: linear range between 2.0 x 10(-5) M and 1.23 x 10(-3) M, sensitivity of (0.343 +/- 0.002) mu A mM(-1) or (2.60 +/- 0.02) mu A mM(-1) cm(-2), detection limit of 3.3 mu M, and reproducibility of 5.2% obtained with five different GCE/MWCNTs-Av/RuNPs/biot-GOx bioplatforms prepared the same day using the same MWCNTs-Av dispersion, and 9.1% obtained with nine biosensors prepared in different days with nine different MWCNTs-Av dispersions. The average concentrations of glucose in Gatorade, Red bull (R) and Pepsi (R) with the biosensor demonstrated excellent agreement with those reported in the commercial beverages.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000501415300022 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 148
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI