Stereotactic computed tomographic-guided aspiration and thrombolysis of intracerebral hematoma - Protocol and preliminary experience

Montes, JM; Wong, JH; Fayad, PB; Awad, IA


Background and Purpose-We review preliminary experience with patients harboring intracerebral hematoma (ICH) treated by stereotactic computed tomographic (CT) guided thrombolysis and aspiration and assess procedure feasibility and safety. Methods-Twelve patients with supratentorial ICH greater than or equal to 25 mL without suspected underlying structural etiology or coagulopathy and an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of greater than or equal to 5 were treated. A catheter was directed stereotactically or manually into the ICH through a burr hole under CT guidance. Hematoma aspiration was followed by instillation of urokinase (5 000 to 10 000 TCT). This was repeated every 6 to 8 hours at bedside, with interval CT imaging, until the ICH volume diminished to 25 mt, less than half of its initial volume, or after a maximum of 10 aspirations/instillations. Results-Mean age was 69 years (range 55 to 82 years). Median initial GCS was 12 (range 5 to 14). There were 7 ganglionic and 5 lobar ICH, and baseline hematoma size ranged 29 to 70 mt (mean 46 mt). Final ICH volume ranged from 14 to 51 mt (mean 21 mt), with ICR volume reduction by an average of 57% (range 38% to 70%). One patient (8.3%) suffered hematoma expansion during the procedure. At 6 months after the procedure, 3 patients (25%) had achieved a good recovery (Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS] score of 5), 5 patients (42%) were dependent (GOS 3), and 1 (8.3%) remained vegetative (GOS 2). Three patients (25%) died in hospital (1 from cardiac arrhythmia and 2 from respiratory failure). Conclusions-CT-guided thrombolysis and aspiration appears safe and effective in the reduction of ICH volume. Further studies are needed to assess optimal thrombolytic dosage and must include controlled comparisons of mortality, disability outcome, time until convalescence, and cost of care in treated and untreated patients.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000086277200005 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: STROKE
Volumen: 31
Número: 4
Fecha de publicación: 2000
Página de inicio: 834
Página final: 840


Notas: ISI