VLT spectroscopy of globular cluster systems - I. The photometric and spectroscopic data set

Puzia, TH; Kissler-Patig, M; Thomas, D; Maraston C.; Saglia, RP; Bender R.; Richtler, T; Goudfrooij, P; Hempel, M


We present Lick line-index measurements of extragalactic globular clusters in seven early-type galaxies (NGC 1380, 2434, 3115, 3379, 3585, 5846, and 7192) with different morphological types (E-SO) located in field and group/cluster environments. High-quality spectra were taken with the FORS2 instrument at ESO's Very Large Telescope. ?50% of our data allows an age resolution ?t/t ? 0.3 and a metallicity resolution ?0.25-0.4 dex, depending on the absolute metallicity. Globular cluster candidates are selected from deep B, V, R, I, K FORS2/ISAAC photometry with 80-100% success rate inside one effective radius. Using combined optical/near-infrared colour-colour diagrams we present a method to efficiently reduce fore-/background contamination down to ?10%. We find clear signs for bi-modality in the globular cluster colour distributions of NGC 1380, 3115, and 3585. The colour distributions of globular clusters in NGC 2434, 3379, 5846, and 7192 are consistent with a broad single-peak distribution. For the analysed globular cluster systems the slopes of projected radial surface density profiles, of the form ?(R) ? R-?, vary between ?0.8 and 2.6. Blue and red globular cluster sub-populations show similar slopes in the clearly bi-modal systems. For galaxies with single-peak globular cluster colour distributions, there is a hint that the blue cluster system seems to have a more extended radial distribution than the red one. Using globular clusters as a tracer population we determine total dynamical masses of host galaxies out to large radii (?1.6-4.8 Reff). For the sample we find masses in the range ?8.8 × 1010 M? up to ?1.2 × 1012 M?. The line index data presented here will be used in accompanying papers of this series to derive ages, metallicities and abundance ratios. A compilation of currently available high-quality Lick index measurements for globular clusters in elliptical, lenticular, and late-type galaxies is provided and will serve to augment the current data set.

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Título según WOS: VLT spectroscopy of globular cluster systems - I. The photometric and spectroscopic data set
Título según SCOPUS: VLT spectroscopy of globular cluster systems. I. The photometric and spectroscopic data set
Título de la Revista: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Volumen: 415
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2004
Página de inicio: 123
Página final: U6
Idioma: English
URL: http://www.edpsciences.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031448