Cardiac fibroblasts inhibit beta-adrenoceptor-dependent connexin43 expression in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes

Salameh, A.; Djilali, H.; Blanke, K.; Casanova, J. Gonzalez; von Salisch, S.; Savtschenko, A.; Dhein, S.; Daehnert, I.


Cardiac fibroblasts play an important role in adverse cardiac remodelling. As in many cardiac diseases connexin43 (Cx43) is altered, we wanted to elucidate whether fibroblasts may influence cardiac Cx43 expression. We used four different cell culture systems of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CM) and fibroblasts (FB): type 1, pure CM culture; type 2, co-culture of CM/FB; type 3, pure FB culture; type 4, TranswellA (R) system: CM/FB co-cultured but separated by a microporous membrane. Stimulation of types 1-3 cell culture models with isoprenaline significantly enhanced Cx43-protein and Cx43-mRNA expression as well as phosphorylation of ERK and translocation of AP1 and CREB only in the CM cultures; whereas, the CM/FB co-cultures and the FB cultures did not respond to isoprenaline. Similarly, if CM and FB were separated by a microporous membrane (TranswellA (R) system) the isoprenaline-induced increase in CM Cx43 was completely suppressed, suggesting the existence of a soluble factor responsible for the suppressant effect of FB. Angiotensin II determination in types 1 and 2 cell culture supernatants revealed that the CM/FB co-cultures exhibited a significant higher angiotensin II release than the CM cultures. Furthermore, we aimed to inhibit angiotensin II signal transduction pathway: blockade of AT(1) receptors or PKC inhibition restored the responsiveness of CM/FB co-cultures to isoprenaline. Moreover, external addition of angiotensin II to CM cultures also resulted in suppression of isoprenaline-stimulated Cx43 expression in an AT(1)-receptor- and PKC-dependent manner. Thus, our study indicates that cardiac fibroblasts inhibit beta-adrenoceptor-dependent Cx43 signalling in CM involving angiotensin II.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000317354300007 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 386
Número: 5
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página de inicio: 421
Página final: 433


Notas: ISI