Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are increased during skeletal muscle regeneration: requirement of syndecan-3 for successful fiber formation
Skeletal muscle regeneration is a highly complex and regulated process that involves muscle precursor proliferation and differentiation and probably requires the participation of heparin binding growth factors such as FGFs, HGF and TGF?. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans, key components of cell-surfaces and ECM, modulate growth factor activities and influence cell growth and differentiation. Their expression in forming muscle masses during development and in cell culture, suggest their participation in the regulation of myogenesis. In the present study, heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression in skeletal muscle regeneration induced by barium chloride injection was evaluated. Expression of muscle differentiation markers and neuromuscular junction (NMJ) components was characterized. Immunoblots with anti-?-heparan sulfate antibody showed that four major species - perlecan, glypican, syndecan-3 and syndecan-4 - were transiently up-regulated. The first three were detected at the surface or basement membranes of newly formed myotubes: by specific indirect immunofluorescence. Syndecan-3, a satellite cell marker, showed the earliest and most significant increase. Experiments involving myoblast grafting into regenerating muscle showed that C2C12 cell clones, with inhibited syndecan-3 expression resulting from antisense transfection, presented a normal proliferation rate but an impaired capacity to fuse and form skeletal muscle fibers. These data constitute the first in vivo evidence suggesting the requirement of a specific heparan sulfate proteoglycan for successful skeletal muscle regeneration.
|Título según WOS:||Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are increased during skeletal muscle regeneration: requirement of syndecan-3 for successful fiber formation|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are increased during skeletal muscle regeneration: Requirement of syndecan-3 for successful fiber formation|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE|
|Editorial:||The Company of Biologists Ltd.|
|Fecha de publicación:||2004|
|Página de inicio:||73|