Nematocidal activity of nitazoxanide in laboratory models

Fonseca-Salamanca, F; Martinez-Grueiro, MM; Martinez-Fernandez, AR


The nematocidal activity of a broad-spectrum antiparasitic agent, nitazoxanide [( N -(5-nitrothiazol-2-gammal)salicylamide; NTZ], was evaluated in both in vitro and in vivo models using Caenorhabditis elegans, Heligmosomoides polygyrus and Trichinella spiralis. In vitro, NTZ (100 muM) exhibited a low activity against C. elegans and had no effect on embryonation and hatching of H. polygyrus eggs. At concentrations of 100 and 50 muM, the inhibition of excretion/secretion of acetylcholinesterase and acid phosphatase of adult H. polygyrus by NTZ was variable. The in vitro effects of mebendazole (5 muM), albendazole (1 muM) and levamisole (10 muM) were superior to those of NTZ. In mice, NTZ at 1 g/kg proved to be inactive against preadults of T. spiralis whereas mebendazole at 10 mg/kg reduced the worm burden by up to 83%. NTZ at 1 g/kg per day for 3 consecutive days showed a low activity against adults of H. polygyrus (21% reduction). Levamisole, at a single dose of 10 mg/kg, reduced the worm burden by up to 89.9%. The results of this study suggest that NTZ would not have met criteria of a candidate compound.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000186094000010 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 91
Número: 4
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2003
Página de inicio: 321
Página final: 324


Notas: ISI