Traditional and Local Knowledge in Chile: Review of Experiences and Insights for Management and Sustainability

Guerrero-Gatica, Matias; Isabel Mujica, Maria; Barcelo, Matias; Fernanda Vio-Garay, Maria; Gelcich, Stefan; Armesto, Juan J.

Abstract

Scientific interest in traditional and local knowledge (TLK) has grown in recent decades, because of the potential of TLK for improving management and conservation practices. Here, we synthesize and evaluate TLK studies in Chile, discuss how this progress compares to the international scientific literature in the field, and contextualize our results according to the multiple evidence base approach. We found 77 publications on the subject, a steady increase since 1980, and a peak production in the 1990s and the 2010s decades. Publications most often provide basic information on species names and lists of resource uses in terrestrial rather than marine ecosystems. Papers had an emphasis on natural, rather than social sciences. Work was concentrated on the extreme northern and southern regions of Chile where more indigenous populations are found. Indigenous ethnic groups received greater attention than non-indigenous people. Future work in Chile must broaden its attention to local and urban communities and focus on how TLK can contribute to management and sustainability, rather than only acquiring the basic knowledge contained in local and traditional communities. To better comprehend TLK's contribution to policy measures, an interdisciplinary approach must be present to address these knowledge gaps.

Más información

Título según WOS: Traditional and Local Knowledge in Chile: Review of Experiences and Insights for Management and Sustainability
Título de la Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
Volumen: 12
Número: 5
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.3390/SU12051767

Notas: ISI