Filling the Gaps to Solve the Extensin Puzzle

Marzol, Eliana; Borassi, Cecilia; Bringas, Mauro; Sede, Ana; Rodriguez Garcia, Diana Rosa; Capece, Luciana; Estevez, Jose M.


Extensins (EXTs) are highly repetitive plant O-glycoproteins that require several post-translational modifications (PTMs) to become functional in plant cell walls. First, they are hydroxylated on contiguous proline residues; then they are O-glycosylated on hydroxyproline and serine. After secretion into the apoplast, O-glycosylated EXTs form a tridimensional network organized by inter-and intra-Tyr linkages. Recent studies havemade significant progress in the identification of the enzymatic machinery required to process EXTs, which includes prolyl 4-hydroxylases, glycosyltransferases, papain-type cysteine endopeptidases, and peroxidases. EXTs are abundant in plant tissues and are particularly important in rapidly expanding root hairs and pollen tubes, which grow in a polar manner. Small changes in EXT PTMs affect fastgrowing cells, although the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation are unknown. In this review, we highlight recent advances in our understanding of EXT modifications throughout the secretory pathway, EXT assembly in cell walls, and possible sensing mechanisms involving the Catharanthus roseus cell surface sensor receptor-like kinases located at the interface between the apoplast and the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000432495200004 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MOLECULAR PLANT
Volumen: 11
Número: 5
Editorial: Cell Press
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Página de inicio: 645
Página final: 658


Notas: ISI