Identification and evolution of a plant cell wall specific glycoprotein glycosyl transferase, ExAD

Moller, Svenning Rune; Yi, Xueying; Velasquez, Silvia Melina; Gille, Sascha; Hansen, Pernille Louise Munke; Poulsen, Christian P.; Olsen, Carl Erik; Rejzek, Martin; Parsons, Harriet; Zhang, Yang; Wandall, Hans H.; Clausen, Henrik; Field, Robert A.; Pauly, Markus; Estevez, Jose M.; et. al.


Extensins are plant cell wall glycoproteins that act as scaffolds for the deposition of the main wall carbohydrate polymers, which are interlocked into the supramolecular wall structure through intra-and inter-molecular iso-di-tyrosine crosslinks within the extensin backbone. In the conserved canonical extensin repeat, Ser-Hyp(4), serine and the consecutive C4-hydroxyprolines (Hyps) are substituted with an alpha-galactose and 1-5 beta- or alpha-linked arabinofuranoses (Arafs), respectively. These modifications are required for correct extended structure and function of the extensin network. Here, we identified a single Arabidopsis thaliana gene, At3g57630, in clade E of the inverting Glycosyltransferase family GT47 as a candidate for the transfer of Araf to Hyp-arabinofuranotriose (Hyp-beta 1,4Araf-beta 1,2Araf-beta 1,2Araf) side chains in an alpha-linkage, to yield Hyp-Araf4 which is exclusively found in extensins. T-DNA knockout mutants of At3g57630 showed a truncated root hair phenotype, as seen for mutants of all hitherto characterized extensin glycosylation enzymes; both root hair and glycan phenotypes were restored upon reintroduction of At3g57630. At3g57630 was named Extensin Arabinose Deficient transferase, ExAD, accordingly. The occurrence of ExAD orthologs within the Viridiplantae along with its' product, Hyp-Araf(4\), point to ExAD being an evolutionary hallmark of terrestrial plants and charophyte green algae.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000397816400001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Volumen: 7
Fecha de publicación: 2017


Notas: ISI