Resveratrol modulates response against acute inflammatory stimuli in aged mouse brain

Palomera-Avalos, V.; Grinan-Ferre, C.; Izquierdo, V.; Camins, A.; Sanfeliu, C.; Canudas, A. M.; Pallas, M.

Abstract

With upcoming age, the capability to fight against harmful stimuli decreases and the organism becomes more susceptible to infections and diseases. Here, the objective was to demonstrate the effect of dietary resveratrol in aged mice in potentiating brain defenses against LipoPolySaccharide (LPS). Acute LPS injection induced a strong proinflammatory effect in 24-months-old C57/BL6 mice hippocampi, increasing InterLeukin (Il)-6, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tnf-alpha), IL-1 beta, and C-X-C motif chemokine (Cxcl10) gene expression levels. Resveratrol induced higher expression in those cytokines regarding to LPS. Oxidative Stress (OS) markers showed not significant changes after LPS or resveratrol, although for resveratrol treated groups a slight increment in most of the parameters studies was observed, reaching signification for NF-kB protein levels and iNOS expression. However, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress markers demonstrated significant changes in resveratrol-treated mice after LPS treatment, specifically in eIF2 alpha, BIP, and ATF4. Moreover, as described, resveratrol is able to inhibit the mechanistic Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and this effect could be linked to (eIF2 alpha) phosphorylation and the increase in the expression of the previously mentioned proinflammatory genes as a response to LPS treatment in aged animals. In conclusion, resveratrol treatment induced a different cellular response in aged animals when they encountered acute inflammatory stimuli.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000424922800002 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY
Volumen: 102
Editorial: Pergamon Press
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Página de inicio: 3
Página final: 11
DOI:

10.1016/j.exger.2017.11.014

Notas: ISI