Anti-inflammatory role of Leptin in glial cells through p38 MAPK pathway inhibition

Patraca, Ivan; Martinez, Nohora; Busquets, Oriol; Marti, Aleix; Pedros, Ignacio; Beas-Zarate, Carlos; Marin, Miguel; Ettcheto, Miren; Sureda, Francesc; Auladell, Carme; Camins, Antoni; Folch, Jaume


Background: In the present work, we studied the modulatory effect of Leptin (Lep) against pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), interleukin 1-beta (IL1 beta) and interferon-gamma (IFN gamma), in primary glial cell cultures. Methods: Glial cultures were treated with pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF alpha, 20 ng/ml; IL1 beta, 20 ng/ml; IFN gamma 20 ng/ml). Cells were pre-treated with Lep 500 nM, 1 h prior to cytokine treatment. NO released from glial cells was determined using the Griess reaction. Cell viability was determined by the MTT method. Protein expression was determined by western blot. Results: Pre-treatment with 500 nM Lep produced an inhibitory effect on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and nitric oxide (NO) production after glial cells exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines. Anti-inflammatory effect can be related to a decrease in P38 MAP Kinase (MAPK) pathway activity. Treatment of glial cell cultures with Lep also reduced the intrinsic apoptotic pathway (cytochrome c release and caspase-3 activation). Conclusions: We suggest that Lep would act as an anti-inflammatory factor in glial cells exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines, exerting its function on p38 MAPK pathway and reducing NO production. (C) 2016 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000413658700005 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 69
Número: 3
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Página de inicio: 409
Página final: 418


Notas: ISI