Characterization of Amyloid-beta Granules in the Hippocampus of SAMP8 Mice

Manich, Gemma; Mercader, Clara; del Valle, Jaume; Duran-Vilaregut, Joaquim; Camins, Antoni; Pallas, Merce; Vilaplana, Jordi; Pelegri, Carme


The senescence accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) strain of mice is an experimental model of accelerated senescence that has also been proposed as a model of Alzheimer's disease as it shares several features with this dementia. We have recently reported amyloid-beta (A beta) granules in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, which contain A beta(42) and A beta(40) peptides and other amyloid-beta protein precursor fragments. These granules appear clustered mainly in the stratum radiatum of the CA1 region and increase in number and size with age. Here we performed several studies to examine whether the A beta granules in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice contain other proteins characteristic of neuropathological aggregates, such as tau, MAP2, and alpha-synuclein. Moreover, we examined whether the A beta granules in the hippocampus correspond to heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSPG) positive granules previously described in this animal model. The results showed that A beta granules correspond to the HSPG granular structures, being syndecan-2, a protein involved in the remodeling of dendritic spines, the type of HSPG found. Tau and MAP2, but not alpha-synuclein depositions, were also found in A beta aggregates. Granules do not appear to have an astrocytic origin, since although some A beta clusters are associated with astrocyte processes, most clusters are not. On the other hand, the presence of tau, MAP2, and NeuN in A beta granules suggests a neuronal origin. As the components identified in A beta granules are characteristic of the aggregates present in some neurodegenerative diseases, the SAMP8 model seems to be appropriate for the study of the processes involved in these pathologies.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000293379500015 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 25
Número: 3
Editorial: IOS Press
Fecha de publicación: 2011
Página de inicio: 535
Página final: 546


Notas: ISI