Role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in striatal blood-brain barrier disruption in a 3-nitropropionic acid model of Huntington's disease

Duran-Vilaregut, J.; del Valle, J.; Manich, G.; Camins, A.; Pallas, M.; Vilaplana, J.; Pelegri, C.


Aims: 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) is a natural toxin that, when administered to experimental animals, reproduces the brain lesions observed in Huntington's disease, which mainly consist of selective neurodegeneration of the striatum. The lesions also include severe alterations to the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which increase its permeability to several substances including blood components and exogenous fluorescent dyes, and the concomitant degradation of some of its constituents such as endothelial cells, tight junction proteins and the basement membrane. We studied here the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-2 and -9, also called gelatinases A and B, in the degradation of the BBB in the striatal lesions induced by the systemic administration of 3-NPA to Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods: 3-NPA was intraperitoneally administered at a dose of 20 mg/kg once a day for 3 days. MMPs were studied by means of immunohistochemistry and in situ zymography. Results: In 3-NPA-treated rats, MMP-9 was present in most of the degraded blood vessels in the injured striatum, while it was absent in vessels from non-injured tissue. In the same animals, MMP-2 staining was barely detected close to degraded blood vessels. The combination of MMP-9 immunostaining, in situ zymography and inhibitory studies of MMP-9 confirmed that net gelatinolytic activity detected in the degraded striatal blood vessels could be attributed almost exclusively to the active form of MMP-9. Conclusion: Our results highlight the prominent role of MMP-9 in BBB disruption in the striatal injured areas of this experimental model of Huntington's disease.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000292694300006 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 37
Número: 5
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2011
Página de inicio: 525
Página final: 537


Notas: ISI