Oxidative stress-induced DNA damage and cell cycle regulation in B65 dopaminergic cell line

Pizarro, Javier G.; Folch, Jaume; Vazquez De la Torre, Aurelio; Verdaguer, Ester; Junyent, Felix; Jordan, Joaquin; Pallas, Merce; Camins, Antoni


Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress are associated with neuronal cell death in many neurodegenerative conditions. However, the exact molecular mechanisms triggered by oxidative stress in neurodegeneration are still unclear. This study used the B65 rat neuroblastoma cell line as a model to study the molecular events that occur after H2O2 treatment. Treatment of B65 cells with H2O2 rapidly up-regulated the DNA damage pathway involved in double-strand breakage. Subsequently, proteins involved in p53 regulation, such as sirtuin 1 and STAT1, were modified. In addition, H2O2 treatment altered the pattern of cell cycle protein expression. Specifically, a decrease was found in the expression of cyclin D1, cdk4 and surprisingly the levels of cyclin A and the retinoblastoma protein phosphorylated at ser780 were increased. Furthermore, this study shows that pre-treatment of B65 cells with 50 mu M trolox confers almost total protection against apoptotic cell death and restores the cell cycle. Likewise, the increase in retinoblastoma phosphorylation was attenuated by KU-55993, a selective ATM inhibitor, and also by trolox. These observations indicate that DNA damage and oxidative stress are responsible for cell cycle regulation. In summary, this study describes the molecular mechanisms involved in cell cycle alterations induced by oxidative stress in B65 cells. These findings highlight the relevance of ATM in the regulation of cell cycle after oxidative stress.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000269733000010 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: FREE RADICAL RESEARCH
Volumen: 43
Número: 10
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 985
Página final: 994


Notas: ISI