NEUROPROTECTION BY c-Jun NH2-TERMINAL KINASE INHIBITOR SP600125 AGAINST POTASSIUM DEPRIVATION-INDUCED APOPTOSIS INVOLVES THE AKT PATHWAY AND INHIBITION OF CELL CYCLE REENTRY

Yeste-Velasco, M.; Folch, J.; Casadesus, G.; Smith, M. A.; Pallas, M.; Camins, A.

Abstract

Increasing evidence implicates the c-Jun NH2- terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in the regulation of apoptosis in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effect of SP600125, a selective JNK inhibitor, in cerebellar granule cells (CGNs) deprived of serum and potassium (S/K withdrawal). S/K withdrawal-induced apoptosis occurs via activation of multiple proapoptotic pathways, including re-entry into the cell cycle, activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta), cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5/p35) breakdown, formation of cdk5/p25 and JNK activation. Here we demonstrate that SP600125 is able to inhibit all these pro-apoptotic pathways via the inhibition of JNK. Further, we found that JNK inhibition maintains the phosphorylation/activation of Akt after S/K withdrawal. For further confirmation of this result, we studied several targets downstream of Akt including GSK-3 beta, p-FOXO1, p-CREB and p35. In addition, the specific PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002 greatly diminished the antiapoptotic effects of SP600125 upon S/K withdrawal, confirming that Akt is involved in the neuroprotection achieved by SP600125. These results suggest that the maintenance of the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway by inhibition of JNK contributes to the prevention of apoptosis in rat cerebellar granule neurons mediated by S/K withdrawal. Furthermore, we propose that JNK may regulate the cell cycle re-entry by a novel mechanism that involves Akt, GSK-3 beta and Rb phosphorylation. (C) 2009 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000264715200021 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NEUROSCIENCE
Volumen: 159
Número: 3
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 1135
Página final: 1147
DOI:

10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.01.035

Notas: ISI