Blood-brain barrier disruption in the striatum of rats treated with 3-nitropropionic acid

Duran-Vilaregut, Joaquim; del Valle, Jaume; Camins, Antoni; Pallas, Merce; Pelegri, Carme; Vilaplana, Jordi


3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) is a natural toxin that is used to induce models of Huntington's disease (HD) in experimental animals. Here we injected 3-NPA into Sprague-Dawley rats in order to evaluate its effects on the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Evans blue (EB) extravasation was used to identify injured areas in the brains of the treated animals and immunostainings of endothelial brain barrier antigen (EBA), zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and laminin were used as markers to characterize the effects of the neurotoxin on the BBB. Treated rats had a significant loss of body weight compared to controls, and a correlation between motor affectation and body weight loss was observed in the former. The lateral part of the striatum was specifically injured in treated animals and the BBB almost disappeared in the core of the injured areas, as evidenced by a high EB extravasation and severe alterations of the immunostainings of the three BBB integrity markers compared to those of control animals. We conclude that the BBB is severely affected in the 3-NPA rat model of HD and that disruption of this barrier is a crucial event during the development of this disease. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000263047400018 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: Neurotoxicology
Volumen: 30
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 136
Página final: 143


Notas: ISI