Different capacities of various NMDA receptor antagonists to prevent ischemia-induced neurodegeneration in human cultured NT2 neurons

Garcia de Arriba, Susana; Wegner, Florian; Gruener, Katia; Verdaguer, Ester; Pallas, Merce; Camins, Antoni; Wagner, Armin; Wohlfahrt, Kai; Allgaier, Clemens


In the present study, human NT2 neurons obtained from embryonic teratocarcinoma (NT2) cells were established as human in-vitro model to investigate the mechanisms associated with hypoxia/ischemia-induced neuronal injury. NT2 neurons express functional NMDA receptors that are of particular significance for hypoxia/ischemia-related neuronal damage. In patch-clamp recordings under normoxic conditions, NMDA (plus 10 mu M glycine)-induced inward currents (EC50 = 43.7 mu M) were distinctly antagonized by memantine, a blocker of the receptor channel, but only slightly by 5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid (DCKA), a glycine(B) binding site antagonist. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that the NT2 neurons are mostly GABAergic; they predominantly express the NMDA receptor subunits NR2B and NR2C, and lower levels of NR1 and, particularly, of NR2A. Upon glucose and oxygen deprivation for 3 h the loss of cell viability measured directly after 3 h was higher than after application of either hypoxia or aglycemia as assessed by propidium iodide flow cytometry. Ischemic conditions significantly reduced the NMDA responses associated with a decrease in EC50 and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential as detected by JC-1 flow cytometry. Memantine (50 mu M) and CGS 19755 (a competitive NMDA receptor antagonist; 10 mu M) reduced ischemia-induced cell death, in contrast to DCKA (10 mu M). In conclusion, in the present human in-vitro model for studying the molecular mechanisms associated with ischemic injury, neuroprotection could be achieved with NMDA receptor antagonists but not with a glycineB binding site antagonist. Accordingly, glycine antagonists might not represent an optimal therapeutic strategy for preventing ischemic neuronal damage in contrast to NMDA receptor antagonists like memantine. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000240225600007 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 49
Número: 5
Fecha de publicación: 2006
Página de inicio: 466
Página final: 474


Notas: ISI