Implication of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 in the neuroprotective properties of lithium

Jorda, EG; Verdaguer, E; Canudas, AM; Jimenez, A; De Arriba, SG; Allgaier, C; Pallas, M; Camins, A


Although numerous studies have demonstrated a neuroprotective and anti-apoptotic role of lithium in neuronal cell cultures, the precise mechanism by which this occurs, remains to be elucidated. In this study, we evaluated the lithium-mediated neuroprotection against colchicine-induced apoptosis in cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Previously, it has been demonstrated that colchicine mediates apoptosis in cerebellar granule neurons through cytoskeletal alteration and activation of an intrinsic pro-apoptotic pathway. Recently we also demonstrated a potential role of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) in this pathway. Here we report that colchicine induces dephosphorylation in Ser-9 and phosphorylation in Tyr-216, and thus activation, of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta in cerebellar granule neurons, and that this modification is inhibited by the presence of 5 mM lithium. However, the selective glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta inhibitors SB-415286 and SB-216763 were unable to prevent colchicine-induced apoptosis in these cells, suggesting that the antiapoptotic activity of lithium is not mediated by glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta under these conditions. On the other hand, 5 mM lithium prevented the colchicine-induced increase in cdk5 expression and breakdown of cdk5/p35 to cdk5/p25. In addition, we show that up-regulation of cdk5/p25 is unrelated to inhibition of the activity of myocyte enhancer factor 2, a pro-survival transcription factor. These data suggest a previously undescribed neuroprotective mechanism of lithium associated with the modulation of cdk5/p35 or cdk5/ p25 expression. (c) 2005 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000231491200026 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NEUROSCIENCE
Volumen: 134
Número: 3
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2005
Página de inicio: 1001
Página final: 1011


Notas: ISI