Cyclosporin A enhances colchicine-induced apoptosis in rat cerebellar granule neurons

Canudas, AM; Jorda, EG; Verdaguer, E; Jimenez, A; Sureda, FX; Rimbau, V; Camins, A; Pallas, M


1 Cyclosporin A (CsA, 1-50 muM), an immunosuppressive drug with known neurotoxic effects, did not decrease the viability of primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) or induce apoptotic features. However, CsA specifically enhanced the cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by colchicine (1 muM). 2 Flavopiridol, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), prevented the neurotoxic effects of colchicine plus CsA. At 0.1-5 muM, it also showed antiapoptotic effects, as revealed by propidium iodide staining, flow cytometry and counting of cell nuclei. 3 Roscovitine (25-50 muM), a selective cdk 1, 2 and 5 inhibitor, showed an antiapoptotic effect against colchicine- and colchicine plus CsA-induced apoptosis. 4 CsA increased the expression of cdk5 and cdk5/p25 mediated by colchicine, a CDK involved in neuronal apoptosis. After treatment of CGN with colchicine plus CsA, the changes in the p25/p35 ratio pointed to cdk5 activation. 5 Immunohistochemical results showed a nuclear localization of cdk5 after neurotoxic treatment, which was prevented by cdk inhibitors. Thus, we propose a new mechanism of modulation of CsA neurotoxicity mediated by cdk5.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000220379200014 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 141
Número: 4
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2004
Página de inicio: 661
Página final: 669


Notas: ISI