3-Amino thioacridone, a selective cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor, attenuates kainic acid-induced apoptosis in neurons

Verdaguer, E; Jorda, EG; Canudas, AM; Jimenez, A; Sureda, FX; Rimbau, V; Pubill, D; Escubedo, E; Camarasa, J; Pallas, M; Camins, A

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying selective neuronal cell death in kainic acid-mediated neurodegeneration are not fully understood. We have recently demonstrated that in cerebellar granule neurons, kainic acid induces the expression of proteins associated with cell-cycle progression. In the present study we show that 3-amino thioacridone (3-ATA), a selective cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor, attenuates kainic acid-induced apoptosis in cerebellar granule neurons. When neurons were pre-treated with 3-ATA 10 muM for 24 h, they were less susceptible to damage induced by kainic acid 500 muM, since the number of dead cells decreased significantly. In flow cytometry studies using propidium iodide staining, 3-ATA also reduced the ratio of apoptotic cells induced by kainic acid. Moreover, 3-ATA decreased the proportion of cells with a condensed nucleus from 55% to 22%. Our data suggest that the cell cycle pathway is involved in the mechanism of apoptosis mediated by kainic acid and that cyclin-dependent kinase 4 plays a prominent role in this process. 3-ATA may to prevent the apoptosis associated with neurodegenerative disorders without the over-activation of excitatory amino acid receptors. (C) 2003 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000184766800001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: NEUROSCIENCE
Volumen: 120
Número: 3
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2003
Página de inicio: 599
Página final: 603
DOI:

10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00424-X

Notas: ISI