Performance of a continuous stirred tank bioreactor employing an immobilized actinobacteria mixed culture for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides
In this study, we evaluated polyurethane foam (PF), volcanic rock (VR), and a modified plastic cap (MPC) as supports for the immobilization of organophosphorus (OP) pesticide-degrading actinobacterial strains. The colonization and activity of four streptomycetes were favoured by PF, which was selected as the carrier to use in a continuous stirred tank bioreactor (CSTR) that can be operated at increasing inflows of a pesticide mixture that contains the insecticides chlorpyrifos (CP) and diazinon (DZ). Our results demonstrate that the CSTR can be operated at flow rates of 10 and 40 mL h(-1) with greater than 85% removal of the pesticides in the short term. A significant decrease in the efficiency of CP removal was observed at the highest inflows into the reactor. The CP and DZ loading rates in the bioreactor ranged from 0.44 to 1.68 mg L-1 h(-1) and from 0.50 to 2.17 mg L-1 h(-1), respectively. Although the treated wastewater exhibited moderate toxicity for Raphanus sativus, a bioreactor inoculated with a mixed culture formed by Streptomyces spp. strains AC5, AC9, GA11 and ISP13 may provide an effective biotechnological strategy for the reduction of OP pesticide residues produced during agronomic and manufacturing practices and therefore prevent environmental pesticidal pollution.
|Título según WOS:||Performance of a continuous stirred tank bioreactor employing an immobilized actinobacteria mixed culture for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides|
|Título de la Revista:||3 BIOTECH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2020|