Stromal-epithelial cell interactions and androgen receptor-coregulator recruitment is altered in the tissue microenvironment of prostate cancer

Cano, Patricia; Godoy, Alejandro; Escamilla, Rosalba; Dhir, Rajiv; Onate, Sergio A.


Tissue recombination experiments show that prostate mesenchyma directs prostate epithelial cell growth and development in an androgen-dependent manner, and that functional differentiation of prostate epithelium requires androgen-driven processes in both epithelia and stroma. The androgen induction of target genes in primary cultures of prostate stromal and epithelial cells was determined using an adenoviral expression system, which employed the MMTV-enhancer driven luciferase reporter as an androgen receptor (AR)mediated transcription assay. These studies indicate that both cell types contain functional AR. Androgen induction of luciferase reporter activity is 3-fold in stromal cells compared with 10-fold in epithelial cells. AR-mediated transcription activity in stroma cells was enhanced by coculture with epithelial cells or epithelial cell-conditioned media. The elevated AR-mediated transcription activity in stromal cells that were exposed to epithelial factors correlated with increased recruitment of coactivators to the AR transcriptional complex. Epithelial cells facilitated interactions of AR with SRC-1 in an androgen-dependent manner. However, Ar-mediated transcriptional activity in stromal cells isolated from prostate cancer was reduced compared with stromal cells isolated from benign prostate and continued to be reduced when cocultured with tumor-derived prostate epithelial cells. The occupancy of AR and coregulators on target genes showed that androgen-bound AR in prostate cancer stromal cells was associated with the corepressor silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptor. Thus, the ability of epithelial cells to modulate coregulator recruitment to the All transcriptional complex on androgen-responsive genes seems altered in the stromal microerrvironment of prostate cancer.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000243683000012 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: CANCER RESEARCH
Volumen: 67
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2007
Página de inicio: 511
Página final: 519


Notas: ISI