Potential energy surface and rovibrational energy levels of the H-2-CS van der Waals complex

Denis-Alpizar, Otoniel; Stoecklin, Thierry; Halvick, Philippe; Dubernet, Marie-Lise; Marinakis, Sarantos


Owing to its large dipole, astrophysicists use carbon monosulfide (CS) as a tracer of molecular gas in the interstellar medium, often in regions where H-2 is the most abundant collider. Predictions of the rovibrational energy levels of the weakly bound complex CS-H-2 (not yet observed) and also of rate coefficients for rotational transitions of CS in collision with H-2 should help to interpret the observed spectra. This paper deals with the first goal, i.e., the calculation of the rovibrational energy levels. A new four-dimensional intermolecular potential energy surface for the H-2-CS complex is presented. Ab initio potential energy calculations were carried out at the coupled-cluster level with single and double excitations and a perturbative treatment of triple excitations, using a quadruple-zeta basis set and midbond functions. The potential energy surface was obtained by an analytic fit of the ab initio data. The equilibrium structure of the H-2-CS complex is found to be linear with the carbon pointing toward H-2 at the intermolecular separation of 8.6 a(o). The corresponding well depth is -173 cm(-1). The potential was used to calculate the rovibrational energy levels of the para-H-2-CS and ortho-H-2-CS complexes. The present work provides the first theoretical predictions of these levels. The calculated dissociation energies are found to be 35.9 cm(-1) and 49.9 cm(-1), respectively, for the para and ortho complexes. The second virial coefficient for the H-2-CS pair has also been calculated for a large range of temperature. These results could be used to assign future experimental spectra and to check the accuracy of the potential energy surface. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4771658]

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000312780300018 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 137
Número: 23
Editorial: AIP Publishing
Fecha de publicación: 2012


Notas: ISI