Ae4 (Slc4a9) Anion Exchanger Drives Cl- Uptake-dependent Fluid Secretion by Mouse Submandibular Gland Acinar Cells
Transcellular Cl- movement across acinar cells is the rate-limiting step for salivary gland fluid secretion. Basolateral Nkcc1 Na+-K+-2Cl(-) cotransporters play a critical role in fluid secretion by promoting the intracellular accumulation of Cl- above its equilibrium potential. However, salivation is only partially abolished in the absence of Nkcc1 cotransporter activity, suggesting that another Cl- uptake pathway concentrates Cl- ions in acinar cells. To identify alternative molecular mechanisms, we studied mice lacking Ae2 and Ae4 Cl-/HCO3- exchangers. We found that salivation stimulated by muscarinic and beta-adrenergic receptor agonists was normal in the submandibular glands of Ae2(-/-) mice. In contrast, saliva secretion was reduced by 35% in Ae4(-/-) mice. The decrease in salivation was not related to loss of Na+-K+-2Cl(-) cotransporter or Na+/H+ exchanger activity in Ae4(-/-) mice but correlated with reduced Cl- uptake during beta-adrenergic receptor activation of cAMP signaling. Direct measurements of Cl-/HCO3- exchanger activity revealed that HCO3--dependent Cl- uptake was reduced in the acinar cells of Ae2(-/-) and Ae4(-/-) mice. Moreover, Cl-/HCO3- exchanger activity was nearly abolished in double Ae4/Ae2 knock-out mice, suggesting that most of the Cl-/HCO3- exchanger activity in submandibular acinar cells depends on Ae2 and Ae4 expression. In conclusion, both Ae2 and Ae4 anion exchangers are functionally expressed in submandibular acinar cells; however, only Ae4 expression appears to be important for cAMP-dependent regulation of fluid secretion.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000353404500011 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY|
|Editorial:||AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2015|
|Página de inicio:||10677|