Ca 2+ -Independent and Voltage-Dependent Exocytosis in Mouse Chromaffin Cells

Moya-Díaz J, Bayonés L, Montenegro M, Cárdenas AM, Koch H, Doi A, Marengo FD

Keywords: endocytosis, ca2+ channels, secretion, amperometry, membrane capacitance, secretory vesicle.


Aim: It is widely accepted that the exocytosis of synaptic and secretory vesicles is triggered by Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels. However, there is evidence of an alternative mode of exocytosis induced by membrane depolarization but lacking Ca2+ current and intracellular Ca2+ increase. In this work we investigated if such a mechanism contributes to secretory vesicle exocytosis in mouse chromaffin cells. Methods: Exocytosis was evaluated by patch-clamp membrane capacitance measurements, carbon fibre amperometry and TIRF. Cytosolic Ca2+ was estimated using epifluorescence microscopy and fluo-8 (salt form). Results: Cells stimulated by brief depolatizations in absence of extracellular Ca+2 show moderate but consistent exocytosis, even in presence of high cytosolic BAPTA concentration and pharmacological inhibition of Ca+2 release from intracellular stores. This exocytosis is tightly dependent on membrane potential, is inhibited by neurotoxin Bont-B (cleaves the v-SNARE synaptobrevin), is very fast (saturates with time constant <10 ms), it is followed by a fast endocytosis sensitive to the application of an anti-dynamin monoclonal antibody, and recovers after depletion in <5 s. Finally, this exocytosis was inhibited by: (i) ω-agatoxin IVA (blocks P/Q-type Ca2+ channel gating), (ii) in cells from knock-out P/Q-type Ca2+ channel mice, and (iii) transfection of free synprint peptide (interferes in P/Q channel-exocytic proteins association). Conclusion: We demonstrated that Ca2+ -independent and voltage-dependent exocytosis is present in chromaffin cells. This process is tightly coupled to membrane depolarization, and is able to support secretion during action potentials at low basal rates. P/Q-type Ca2+ channels can operate as voltage sensors of this process.

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Título de la Revista: ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA
Volumen: 228
Número: 4
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: e13417
Idioma: Inglés
Financiamiento/Sponsor: Conycet


Notas: ISI