Sural/radial amplitude ratio in the diagnosis of mild axonal polyneuropathy

Rutkove, SB; Kothari, MJ; Raynor, EM; Levy, ML; Fadic, R; Nardin, RA


As proximal nerves are relatively spared in length-dependent, axonal polyneuropathy, we theorized that a sural/radial amplitude ratio (SRAR) might be a sensitive indicator of mild polyneuropathy. In this study, sural amplitudes and SRARs in patients with signs of mild axonal polyneuropathy were compared to those of normal, age-matched control subjects. Sural and radial sensory responses were measured in a standard fashion in all subjects. Thirty polyneuropathy patients had an average SRAR of 0.29 as compared to 0.71 for the 30 normal subjects. An SRAR of less than 0.40 was a strong predictor of axonal polyneuropathy, with 90% sensitivity and 90% specificity, as compared to an absolute sural amplitude of less than 6.0 mu V, which had sensitivity of only 66%. Additionally, unlike the sural amplitude, the ratio did not vary significantly with age. We conclude that the SRAR is a sensitive, specific, age-independent electrodiagnostic test for mild axonal polyneuropathy. (C) 1997 John Wiley Sons, Inc.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:A1997XY29700005 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: MUSCLE NERVE
Volumen: 20
Número: 10
Editorial: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Fecha de publicación: 1997
Página de inicio: 1236
Página final: 1241


Notas: ISI