An upper limit of gaseous water abundance in Chamaeleon-MMS1 as observed with ODIN

Klotz, A.; Harju, J.; Ristorcelli, I.; Juvela, M.; Boudet, N.; Haikala, L. K.


Context. The determination of the gaseous water abundances in different intestellar environments is crucial for understanding the oxygen chemistry and its role in the molecular cloud evolution. Aims. The purpose of this study is to estimate water abundance in the protostellar core Cha-MMS1. Methods. The ground-state line of o-H(2)0 at 557 GHz was observed with the ODIN telescope. Two observing runs performed in 2002 and 2003 resulted in an upper limit of T(A) = 16 mK. A model for the core density and temperature structure was constructed using a 1.3 mm continuum map from SEST/SIMBA. The water abundance profile through the cloud was derived and water line intensities expected from this model were calculated. Results. An upper limit of 7 x 10(-9) was derived for the average fractional o-H(2)O abundance (relative to H(2)). The non-detection is consistent with an abundance profile where a high fractional abundance (similar to 10(-7)) is reached in the low-density envelope of the core. According to our radiative transfer calculations, the detection of the 557 GHz line from a quiescent core should severely be hampered by self-absorption. Therefore the present observations do not put hard contrainst on the H(2)O abundance.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000258760300022 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Volumen: 488
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2008
Página de inicio: 559
Página final: 564


Notas: ISI