New Highly Active Heteroscorpionate-Containing Lutetium Catalysts for the Hydroamination of Aminoalkenes: Isolation and Structural Characterization of a Dipyrrolidinide-Lutetium Complex

Otero, Antonio; Lara-Sanchez, Agustin; Najera, Carmen; Fernandez-Baeza, Juan; Marquez-Segovia, Isabel; Antonio Castro-Osma, Jose; Martinez, Javier; Sanchez-Barba, Luis F.; Rodriguez, Ana M.


The reactions of the hybrid scorpionate/cyclopentadiene compounds, as a mixture of regioisomers-1-[2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1,1-diphenylethyl]-1,3-cyclopentadiene and 2-[2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1,1-diphenylethyl]1,3-cyclopentadiene (bpzcpH) and 1-[2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1-tert-butylethyl]-1,3-cyclopentadiene and 2-[2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1-tert-butylethyl]-1,3-cyclopentadiene (bpztcpH) with [Lu(CH2SiMe3)(3)(thf)(2)] proceed in very high yields to give the free solvent neutral heteroscorpionate dialkyl lutetium complexes [Lu(CH2SiMe3)(2)(bpzcp)] (1) and chiral [Lu(CH2SiMe3)(2)(bpztcp)] (2). The structures in solution of 1 and 2 were investigated by VT NMR spectroscopy, and a fluxional behavior corresponding to an exchange between the alkyl groups was observed. The lutetium complex [Lu(CH2SiMe3)(2)(bpztcp)(thf)] (3) was isolated as an enantiomerically enriched complex. Supramolecular CH-pi interactions between molecules in crystals of 3 have been identified in its X-ray molecular analysis, and they explain the formation of a conglomerate among molecules of 3. Complexes 1-3 are efficient catalysts for the intramolecular hydroamination of aminoalkenes, giving TOF values of up to 475 h(-1) at 90 degrees C for 2,2-diphenyl-pent-4-enylamine (4) by using complex 3 as catalyst. Enantioselectivities up tp 70% ee were achieved in the cyclization of the 1,2-disubstituted olefin 6 with the high enantiopurity complex 3. The hydroamination reactions show apparently zero-order rate dependence on substrate concentration and first-order rate dependence on catalyst concentration. Additionally, bicyclization of 2-allyl-2-methylpent-4-enylamine (10) was achieved at 60 and 100 degrees C, giving exo,exo-2,4,6-trimethyl-1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane (12). The protonolysis reaction of complex [Lu(CH2SiMe3)(2)(bpztcp)] (2) with 2 equiv of 2,2-diphenyl-pent-4-enylamine (4) yielded a dipyrrolidinide lutetium complex [Lu(NC4H5-2-Me-4,4-Ph-2)(2)(bpztcp)] (13) as a mixture of two diastereoisomers. The structures of the complexes were determined by spectroscopic methods, and the X-ray crystal structures of 3 and 13 were also established.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000301895900014 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: ORGANOMETALLICS
Volumen: 31
Número: 6
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Página de inicio: 2244
Página final: 2255


Notas: ISI