Background levels and baseline values of available heavy metals in Mediterranean greenhouse soils (Spain)

Ramos-Miras, J. J.; Roca-Perez, L.; Guzman-Palomino, M.; Boluda, R.; Gil, C.


This study determines extractable levels of Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni and Co in western Almeria (Spain) greenhouse surface soil horizons using EDTA solution, which is identified as the fraction available for organisms and plants. It also establishes background levels, geochemical baseline concentration and reference values (RV), and investigates the possible relationships between soil properties and elemental concentrations. The results show that the soil concentration of these extractable heavy metals was high as those reported by other authors for Spanish agricultural soils. The available RV concentrations obtained (mg kg(-1)) were: Cd 0.17, Cu 1.6, Pb 13.8, Zn 5.0 Ni 1.7 and Co 2.9. Using the upper baseline criterion, 95% of greenhouse soils present a relatively higher content of extractable heavy metals given their Cd and Cu concentration. Significant correlations between total and EDTA-extractable metal levels were found for Zn, Pb, Cu, Cd and Ni. Soil properties also related to heavy metals content, suggesting that Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn are of similar origin and relate to anthropic activities, and implies the same interactions and/or relationships among these metals. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000294238400014 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 110
Número: 2
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2011
Página de inicio: 186
Página final: 192


Notas: ISI