Drying process study of hydrothermal carbonized biomass

Sanchez, Daniel A.; Diaz-Robles, Luis A.; Cubillos, Francisco; Gomez, Jaime; Reyes, Alejandro; Vallejo, Fidel; Pino-Cortes, Ernesto


Residual biomass is a low-cost raw material, although it must overcome some limitations such as its low calorific value, seasonal availability, and high humidity, which reduces its quality as a fuel. Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) is an operation that increases the energy density of raw biomass, obtaining a final solid (hydrochar) with higher calorific value and hydrophobic properties. This work studies the drying process of the hydrochar obtained fromPinus radiatasawdust in an indirect rotary dryer. The process was modeled by the Schlunder and Mollekopf penetration model. The fit obtained with the experimental data indicates an acceptable performance. The mass transfer coefficient varied between 69.4 and 131.7 W/m(2)center dot K (average solid temperature) and from 83.9 to 165.8 W/m(2)center dot K (100 degrees C as solid temperature). The mixing number (N-mix) determined was between 19.19 and 24.39, comparable to that reported in the literature. The significant effects on the process were heating steam pressure and the turning speed of the drum. Finally, through a response surface analysis, the optimum nondimensional drying rate value was determined:V-sec= 0.0040 kg(H2O)/kg(db)center dot s.

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Título según WOS: Drying process study of hydrothermal carbonized biomass
Título de la Revista: DRYING TECHNOLOGY
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI