PPAR beta/delta-dependent MSC metabolism determines their immunoregulatory properties

Contreras-Lopez, R. A.; Elizondo-Vega, R.; Torres, M. J.; Vega-Letter, A. M.; Luque-Campos, N.; Paredes-Martinez, M. J.; Pradenas, C.; Tejedor, G.; Oyarce, K.; Salgado, M.; Jorgensen, C.; Khoury, M.; Kronke, G.; Garcia-Robles, M. A.; Altamirano, C.; et. al.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy is being increasingly considered a powerful opportunity for several disorders based on MSC immunoregulatory properties. Nonetheless, MSC are versatile and plastic cells that require an efficient control of their features and functions for their optimal use in clinic. Recently, we have shown that PPAR beta/delta is pivotal for MSC immunoregulatory and therapeutic functions. However, the role of PPAR beta/delta on MSC metabolic activity and the relevance of PPAR beta/delta metabolic control on MSC immunosuppressive properties have never been addressed. Here, we demonstrate that PPAR beta/delta deficiency forces MSC metabolic adaptation increasing their glycolytic activity required for their immunoregulatory functions on Th1 and Th17 cells. Additionally, we show that the inhibition of the mitochondrial production of ATP in MSC expressing PPAR beta/delta, promotes their metabolic switch towards aerobic glycolysis to stably enhance their immunosuppressive capacities significantly. Altogether, these data demonstrate that PPAR beta/delta governs the immunoregulatory potential of MSC by dictating their metabolic reprogramming and pave the way for enhancing MSC immunoregulatory properties and counteracting their versatility.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000548305900002 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Volumen: 10
Número: 1
Editorial: Nature Publishing Group
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.1038/s41598-020-68347-x

Notas: ISI