Cetylpyridinium chloride blocks herpes simplex virus replication in gingival fibroblasts

Alvarez, Diana M.; Duarte, Luisa F.; Corrales, Nicolas; Smith, Patricio C.; Gonzalez, Pablo A.


Infections with herpes simplex viruses are lifelong and highly prevalent worldwide. Individuals with clinical symptoms elicited by HSVs may suffer from occasional or recurrent herpetic lesions in the orofacial and genital areas. Despite the existence of nucleoside analogues that interfere with HSV replication, such as acyclovir, these drugs are somewhat ineffective in treating skin lesions as topical formulations only reduce in one or few days the duration of the herpetic ulcers. Cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) is a quaternary ammonium compound present in numerous hygiene products, such as mouthwashes, deodorants, aphtae-treating formulations and oral tablets as an anti-septic to limit bacterial growth. Some reports indicate that CPC can also modulate host signaling pathways, namely NF-kappa B signaling. Because HSV infection is modulated by NF-kappa B, we sought to assess whether CPC has antiviral effects against HSVs. Using wild-type HSV-1 and HSV-2, as well as viruses that are acyclovirresistant or encode GFP reporter genes, we assessed the antiviral capacity of CPC in epithelial cells and human gingival fibroblasts expanded from the oral cavity and its mechanism of action. We found that a short, 10-min exposure to CPC added after HSV entry into the cells, significantly limited viral replication in both cell types by impairing viral gene expression. Interestingly, our results suggest that CPC blocks HSV replication by interfering with the translocation of NF-kappa B into the nucleus of HSV-infected cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that formulations containing CPC may help limit HSV replication in infected tissues and consequently reduce viral shedding.

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Título según WOS: Cetylpyridinium chloride blocks herpes simplex virus replication in gingival fibroblasts
Título de la Revista: ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH
Volumen: 179
Fecha de publicación: 2020


Notas: ISI