Insertion sites in manual proximal phalanges of African apes and modern humans
Objectives The primary aim of this study was to describe the insertion sites of the ligaments holding theflexor digitorum profundusandsuperficialismuscles (flexor ridges) in proximal phalanges 2-5 of African apes and modern humans. To interpret differences in flexor ridge size based on general behavioral differences among taxa. Materials and methods We analyzed 3D models of manual proximal phalanges 2-5 from 29 gorillas (Gorilla beringeiandGorilla gorilla), 30 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)and 36 recent modern humans. Flexor ridges (mm(2)) were compared within and across genera. Results Gorillas and chimpanzees had larger flexor ridges for phalanges 2-4 than humans and this difference subsists when controlling for body size. Each genus had a unique insertion size pattern across the digits, with the most heterogeneous pattern found in chimpanzees, followed by humans, and lastly gorillas. These patterns corresponded strongly to the differences in the size of the phalanges within each genus, except for phalanx 5 in humans, which had a larger flexor ridge than expected. Discussion When comparing these genera, the flexor ridges signal differences between taxa that use their hands for manipulation and locomotion (gorillas and chimpanzees) and taxa that use them exclusively for manipulation (humans). This functional signal was also apparent in the PP5 of humans, whose larger FR may be indicating the high recruitment of this digit during forceful precision grip characteristic of humans.
|Título según WOS:||ID WOS:000559810000001 Not found in local WOS DB|
|Título de la Revista:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2020|