The protection of the mountain ecosystems of the Southern Central Andes: tensions between Aymara herding practices and conservation policies
Keywords: protected areas, traditional ecological knowledge, herding, Aymaras
In the Atacama Desert highlands, Aymara communities have practised herding since pre-Hispanic times. Currently, large areas of the mountains’ ecosystems are under official protection. This situation has created tensions between Aymara herding prac- tices and official conservation policies. In this article, we document herding practices and how they have contributed to the production of these ecosystems. We also ex- plore several conservation policies in the area and how they clash with Aymara herd- ing. To do this, we make use of ethnography and archival research. We suggest that these policies reproduce colonial dynamics, creating conflicting aims and affecting Aymara territorial rights. We conclude that traditional Aymara ecological knowledge and practices should guide the conservation of these mountain ecosystems.
|Título de la Revista:||ECO MONT-JOURNAL ON PROTECTED MOUNTAIN AREAS RESEARCH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2020|