A Review of Ecological Restoration Research in the Global South and North to Promote Knowledge Dialogue

Ballari, Sebastian A.; Roulier, Catherine; Nielsen, Erik L.; Cristobal Pizarro, J.; Anderson, Christopher B.


To determine global trends in ecological restoration (ER) research, we conducted a geographically-explicit English-language literature review. We assessed a representative sample (n=603) of publications that use the ER concept (n=8,678). Only 19.2% (n=118) were explicit ER studies, and these were evaluated to determine geographic location, research framework, ER paradigm, journal disciplinary orientation, article type, disturbance factor studied, and ER-response measurements. The Global North produced 2x more studies than the South, and ecological research frameworks predominated overall. However, significantly more Southern studies operated under a postmodern paradigm (i.e., addressing ecosystem processes, functions and health) than in the North, where more studies sought to reconstitute pre-disturbance biotic assemblages (i.e., classical paradigm). Both regions published mostly in natural science journals, but significantly more in the North; in the South, there were significantly more publications in engineering journals. An incipient socio-ecological research framework was detected in the North (23.1%) and South (32.5%), but social science studies were only found in the North (11.5%). Plus, the North had significantly more conceptual publications. Opportunities exist in both regions to enhance a holistic ER perspective. Southern scientists and practitioners could pay attention to context-specific concepts and approaches. Understanding global and regional ER research trends can contribute to improving theoretical, practical and ethical outcomes.

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Título según WOS: A Review of Ecological Restoration Research in the Global South and North to Promote Knowledge Dialogue
Título de la Revista: CONSERVATION SOCIETY
Volumen: 18
Número: 3
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 298
Página final: 310


Notas: ISI