Emplacement, petrological and magnetic susceptibility characteristics of diverse magmatic epidote-bearing granitoid rocks in Brazil, Argentina and Chile

Sial, AN; Toselli, AJ; Saavedra, J; PARADA, MA; Ferreira, VP

Abstract

Magmatic epidote (mEp)-bearing granitoids from five Neoproterozoic tectonostratigraphic terranes in Northeastern (NE) Brazil, Early Palaeozoic calc-alkalic granitoids in Northwestern (NW) Argentina and from three batholiths in Chile have been studied, The elongated shape of some of these plutons suggests that magmas filled fractures and that dyking was probably the major mechanism of emplacement. Textures reveal that, in many cases, epidote underwent partial dissolution by host magma and, in these cases, may have survived dissolution by relatively rapid upward transport by the host magma. In plutons where such a mechanism is not evident, unevenly distributed epidote at outcrop scale is armoured by biotite or near-solidus K-feldspar aggregates, which probably grew much faster than epidote dissolution, preventing complete resorption of epidote by the melt. Al-in-hornblende barometry indicates that, in most cases, amphibole crystallized at P greater than or equal to 5 kbar. Kyanite-bearing thermal aureoles surrounding plutons that intruded low-grade metamorphic rocks in NE Brazil support pluton emplacement at intermediate to high pressure. mEp show overall chemical variation from 20 to 30 mol% (mole percent) pistacite (Ps) and can be grouped into two compositional ranges: Ps(20-24) and Ps(27-30). The highest Ps contents are in epidotes of plutons in which hornblende solidified under P 5 kbar. The percentage of corrosion of individual epidote crystals included in plagioclase in high-K calc-alkalic granitoids in NE Brazil, emplaced at 5-7 kbar pressure, yielded estimates of magma transport rate from 70 to 350 m year(-1). Most of these plutons lack Fe-Ti oxide minerals and Fe+3 is mostly associated with the epidote structure. Consequently, magnetic susceptibility (MS) in the Neoproterozoic granitoids in NE Brazil, as well as Early Palaeozoic plutons in Argentina and Late Palaeozoic plutons in Chile, is usually low ( 0.50 x 10(-3) SI), which is typical behavior of plutons which crystallized under low fO(2) (ilmenite-series granitoids), although Fe/(Fe + Mg) ratios in hornblende (0.40-0.65) indicate crystallization under high fO(2). Mesozoic to Tertiary calc-alkalic plutons in Chile, however, exhibit iron oxide minerals and MS values > 3.0 x 10(-3) SI, typical of magnetite-series granitoids crystallized under higher oxygen fugacity. In NE Brazil, Argentina and Chile, it seems that mEp is more common in Precambrian to Palaeozoic ilmenite-series granitoids, while its occurrence in magnetite-series granitoids is more restricted to Mesozoic to Tertiary granitoids. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000079454300003 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: LITHOS
Volumen: 46
Número: 3
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 1999
Página de inicio: 367
Página final: 392
DOI:

10.1016/S0024-4937(98)00074-7

Notas: ISI