Exploring halo substructure with giant stars. XI. The tidal tails of the Carina dwarf Spheroidal galaxy and the discovery of magellanic Cloud stars in the Carina foreground
A new large-area Washington M, T2+DDO51 filter survey of more than 10 deg2 around the Carina dSph galaxy reveals a spectroscopically confirmed power-law radial density "break" population of Carina giant stars extending several degrees beyond the central King profile. Magellan telescope MIKE spectroscopy establishes the existence of Carina stars to at least 4.5 times its central King limiting radius, r lim, and primarily along Carina's major axis. To keep these stars bound to the dSph would require a global Carina mass-to-light ratio of MIL â‰¥ 6300 (M/L)âŠ™. The MIKE velocities, supplemented with ~âˆ¼50 additional Carina field velocities from archived VLT+GIRAFFE spectra with r â‰¤ r lim, demonstrate a nearly constant Carina velocity dispersion (ÏƒÎ½) to just beyond r = rlim and both a rising ÏƒÎ½v and a velocity shear at still larger radii. Together, the observational evidence suggests that the discovered extended Carina population represents tidal debris from the dSph. Of 65 giant candidates at large angular radii from the Carina center for which MIKE spectra have been obtained, 94% are associated with either Carina or a second, newly discovered diffuse, but strongly radial velocity-coherent (ÏƒÎ½ = 9.8 km s-1), foreground halo system. The 15 stars in this second, retrograde velocity population have (1) a mean metallicity âˆ¼1 dex higher than that of Carina and (2) colors and magnitudes consistent with the red clump of the LMC. Additional spectroscopy of giant star candidates in fields linking Carina and the LMC shows a smooth velocity gradient between the LMC and the retrograde Carina moving group. We conclude that we have found Magellanic stars almost twice as far (22Â°) from the LMC center than previously known. Â© 2006. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Exploring halo substructure with giant stars. XI. The tidal tails of the Carina dwarf Spheroidal galaxy and the discovery of magellanic Cloud stars in the Carina foreground|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Exploring halo substructure with giant stars. XI. The tidal tails of the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy and the discovery of magellanic cloud stars in the Carina foreground|
|Título de la Revista:||ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL|
|Editorial:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2006|
|Página de inicio:||201|