Cortical function and corticomotoneuronal adaptation in monomelic amyotrophy

Matamala, Jose Manuel; Geevasinga, Nimeshan; Huynh, William; Dharmadasa, Thanuja; Howells, James; Simon, Neil G.; Menon, Parvathi; Vucic, Steve; Kiernan, Matthew C.


Objective: To evaluate corticomotoneuronal integrity in monomelic amyotrophy using threshold tracking transcranial magnetic stimulation (TT-TMS). Methods: Cortical excitability studies were prospectively performed in 8 monomelic amyotrophy patients and compared to 21 early-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and 40 healthy controls. Motor evoked potentials responses were recorded over abductor pollicis brevis. Results: Maximal motor evoked potential (MEP/CMAP ratio) was significantly increased in monomelic amyotrophy compared with controls (monomelic amyotrophy 51.2 +/- 12.4%; control 22.7 +/- 2.1%, p = 0.04). Averaged short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI, ISI 1-7 ms) in monomelic amyotrophy patients was similar to controls (monomelic amyotrophy 9.6 +/- 2.1%; control 10.0 +/- 0.9%, p = 0.98). However, it was significantly reduced in early-onset ALS in comparison with monomelic amyotrophy patients (monomelic amyotrophy 9.6 +/- 2.1%; ALS 2.3 +/- 1.7%, p 0.001). Averaged SICI is a good parameter (area under the curve 0.79, p = 0.02) to discriminate between monomelic amyotrophy and early-onset ALS patients. Conclusions: TT-TMS technique has identified normal cortical function in monomelic amyotrophy, a feature that distinguishes it from early-onset ALS. The greater corticomotoneuronal projections to spinal motoneurons may represent central nervous system adaptive change in monomelic amyotrophy. Significance: Corticomotoneuronal dysfunction does not drive the lower motor neurone loss presented in monomelic amyotrophy. (C) 2017 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000406004000010 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 128
Número: 8
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Página de inicio: 1488
Página final: 1495


Notas: ISI