An ecofriendly nanocomposite of bacterial cellulose and hydroxyapatite efficiently removes lead from water

Núñez, Dariela; Cáceres, Rodrigo; Ide, Walther; Varaprasad, Kokkarachedu; Oyarzún, Patricio


An environmentally friendly nanocomposite adsorbent composed of two renewable biomaterials, bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofibrils and hydroxyapatite (HA) nanocrystals, was synthetized by an in situ wet chemical precipitation technique, using clam shell biowaste as feedstock. HA nanocrystals embedded in an ultrafine BC network were confirmed and characterized trough different instrumental techniques (SEM, FTIR, XRD, EDS, surface charge and BET analysis), describing its nanostructure, chemical composition and thermal stability. The adsorptive removal of lead ions by the nanocomposite was investigated through batch experiments conducted under different pH, contact times and Pb(II) initial concentrations, proving that the process was highly favorable according to the Langmuir isotherm model (monolayer adsorption) with chemisorption as the main mechanism and kinetic data obeying a nonlinear pseudo-second order kinetic model. The developed nanocomposite showed a strong removal capacity of Pb(II) both in batch experiments (192 mg/g) and packed-bed column systems (188 mg/g), placing this new nanocomposite among top-performing BC-based biomaterials for lead removal

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Título de la Revista: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volumen: 165
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 2711
Página final: 2720