Reproductive and brood-rearing strategies inAlchisme grossa(Hemiptera: Membracidae): genetic analyses of kinship relationships

Urquizo, Omar N.; Veliz, D.; Torrico-Bazoberry, D.; Vega-Retter, C.; Flores-Prado, L.; Niemeyer, H. M.; Pinto, C. F.

Abstract

Alchisme grossais a treehopper species showing maternal care until at least the third nymphal instar. A secondary female treehopper has frequently been observed near a family (primary female guarding its egg clutch). Intraspecific brood parasitism, communal breeding or alloparental care may be suggested as possible mechanisms to explain secondary female presence. To distinguish between these phenomena, we performed relatedness analyses of genetic samples of groups including oneA. grossaprimary female, a secondary female and the associated offspring using polymorphic microsatellites. Furthermore, we characterized the behavioral interaction between both females during maternal care and the reproductive strategy (monandry or polyandry) ofA. grossafemales by estimating the number of male parents. We observed the presence of secondary females in 35.9% of monitored families. The behaviors characterized suggest the occurrence of brood parasitism in the interaction between both females. Nevertheless, all offspring within a family were descendants only of the primary female and a single male, thus showing thatA. grossafemales are monandrous. The results, taken together with data on the reproductive biology reported for other treehoppers, are consistent with the occurrence of brood parasitism inA. grossa.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000548149300001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: INSECTES SOCIAUX
Volumen: 67
Número: 3
Editorial: SPRINGER BASEL AG
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 347
Página final: 354
DOI:

10.1007/s00040-020-00776-3

Notas: ISI