Comparison of VSV Pseudovirus and Focus Reduction Neutralization Assays for Measurement of Anti-Andes orthohantavirusNeutralizing Antibodies in Patient Samples

Vial, Cecilia; Whitaker, Annalis; Wilhelm, Jan; Ovalle, Jimena; Perez, Ruth; Valdivieso, Francisca; Ferres, Marcela; Martinez-Valdebenito, Constanza; Eisenhauer, Philip; Mertz, Gregory J.; Hooper, Jay W.; Botten, Jason W.; Vial, Pablo A.

Abstract

Andes orthohantavirus(ANDV) is the etiologic agent of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which has a case fatality rate around 35%, with no effective treatment or vaccine available. ANDV neutralizing antibody (NAb) measurements are important for the evaluation of the immune response following infection, vaccination, or passive administration of investigational monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies. The standard assay for NAb measurement is a focus reduction neutralization test (FRNT) featuring live ANDV and must be completed under biosafety level (BSL)-3 conditions. In this study, we compared neutralization assays featuring infectious ANDV or vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudovirions decorated with ANDV glycoproteins for their ability to measure anti-ANDV NAbs from patient samples. Our studies demonstrate that VSV pseudovirions effectively measure NAb from clinical samples and have greater sensitivity compared to FRNT with live ANDV. Importantly, the pseudovirus assay requires less labor and sample materials and can be conducted at BSL-2.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000576411700001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 10
Editorial: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.3389/fcimb.2020.00444

Notas: ISI