The Reprimo-Like Gene Is an Epigenetic-Mediated Tumor Suppressor and a Candidate Biomarker for the Non-Invasive Detection of Gastric Cancer

Alejandra Alarcon, Maria; Olivares, Wilda; Cordova-Delgado, Miguel; Munoz-Medel, Matias; de Mayo, Tomas; Carrasco-Avino, Gonzalo; Wichmann, Ignacio; Landeros, Natalia; Amigo, Julio; Norero, Enrique; Villarroel-Espindola, Franz; Riquelme, Arnoldo; Garrido, Marcelo; Owen, Gareth, I; Corvalan, Alejandro H.

Abstract

Reprimo-like (RPRML) is an uncharacterized member of the Reprimo gene family. Here, we evaluated the role of RPRML and whether its regulation by DNA methylation is a potential non-invasive biomarker of gastric cancer. RPRML expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 90 patients with gastric cancer and associated with clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes. The role of RPRML in cancer biology was investigated in vitro, through RPRML ectopic overexpression. Functional experiments included colony formation, soft agar, MTS, and Ki67 immunofluorescence assays. DNA methylation-mediated silencing was evaluated by the 5-azacytidine assay and direct bisulfite sequencing. Non-invasive detection of circulating methylated RPRML DNA was assessed in 25 gastric cancer cases and 25 age- and sex-balanced cancer-free controls by the MethyLight assay. Downregulation of RPRML protein expression was associated with poor overall survival in advanced gastric cancer. RPRML overexpression significantly inhibited clonogenic capacity, anchorage-independent growth, and proliferation in vitro. Circulating methylated RPRML DNA distinguished patients with gastric cancer from controls with an area under the curve of 0.726. The in vitro overexpression results and the poor patient survival associated with lower RPRML levels suggest that RPRML plays a tumor-suppressive role in the stomach. Circulating methylated RPRML DNA may serve as a biomarker for the non-invasive detection of gastric cancer.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000602758700001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Volumen: 21
Número: 24
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2020
DOI:

10.3390/ijms21249472

Notas: ISI