Vitamin C deficient reduces proliferation in a human periventricular tumor stem cell-derived glioblastoma model
Keywords: ascorbic acid, glioblastoma, ferroptosis, lateral ventricles, vitamin C deficiency.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor with a median survival of 14.6 months. GBM is highly resistant to radio- and chemotherapy, and remains without a cure; hence, new treatment strategies are constantly sought. Vitamin C, an essential micronutrient and antioxidant, was initially described as an antitumor molecule; however, several studies have shown that it can promote tumor progression and angiogenesis. Thus, considering the high concentrations of vitamin C present in the brain, our aim was to study the effect of vitamin C deficiency on the progression of GBM using a GBM model generated by the stereotactic injection of human GBM cells (U87-MG or HSVT-C3 cells) in the subventricular zone of guinea pig brain. Initial characterization of U87-MG and HSVT-C3 cells showed that HSVT-C3 are highly proliferative, overexpress p53, and are resistant to ferroptosis. To induce intraperiventricular tumors, animals received control or a vitamin C-deficient diet for 3 weeks, after which histopathological and confocal microscopy analyses were performed. We demonstrated that the vitamin C-deficient condition reduced the glomeruloid vasculature and microglia/macrophage infiltration in U87-MG tumors. Furthermore, tumor size, proliferation, glomeruloid vasculature, microglia/macrophage infiltration, and invasion were reduced in C3 tumors carried by vitamin C-deficient guinea pigs. In conclusion, the effect of the vitamin C deficiency was dependent on the tumor cell used for GBM induction. HSVT-C3 cells, a cell line with stem cell features isolated from a human subventricular GBM, showed higher sensitivity to the deficient condition; however, vitamin C deficiency displayed an antitumor effect in both GBM models analyzed.
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2021|