History of child abuse among patients with bipolar disorders

Rios, Ulises; Moya, Pablo R.; Urrejola, Oscar; Hermosilla, Jimena; Gonzalez, Rene; Munoz, Paulina; Moran, Javier; Solervicens, Paula; Pablo Jimenez, Juan

Abstract

Background: A history of child abuse is common and has a significant impact in the clinical course of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorders (BD). Aims: To assess the frequency of child abuse experiences in patients BD type I and to evaluate its association with clinical course and cognitive functioning variables. Material and Methods: 117 patients with BD aged 45 +/- 14 years (66% women) answered the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The clinical course (illness onset, history of suicide attempts and number of hospitalizations) was obtained from medical records. Cognitive functioning was evaluated through social and non-social cognition tasks. Results: 64% of participants reported some type of child abuse. This variable was associated with an early onset of the disease (Odds ratio (OR) = 3.3; p < 0.02), increased risk of suicide attempts (OR = 2.4; p < 0.04) and specific disturbances in social cognitive tasks. Conclusions: Our study supports evidence of a common history of child abuse in patients with BD. Although child abuse predicts a worse clinical course, major clinical practice guidelines, as well as research designs, do not highlight this evidence.

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Título según WOS: History of child abuse among patients with bipolar disorders
Título de la Revista: REVISTA MEDICA DE CHILE
Volumen: 148
Número: 2
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 204
Página final: 210
Notas: ISI