Low dosis of alteplase, for ischemic stroke after Enchanted and its determinants, a single center experience

Brunser, Alejandro Michel; Mazzon, Enrico; Cavada, Gabriel; Mansilla, Eloy; Rojo, Alexis; Almeida, Juan; Olavarria, Veronica Viviana; Munoz-Venturelli, Paula; Lavados, Pablo Manuel


Background: Low-dose alteplase (LrtPA) has been shown not to be inferior to the standard-dose (SrtPA) with respect to death/disability. Objective: We aim to evaluate the percentage of patients treated with LrtPA at our center after the ENCHANTED trial and the factors associated with the use of this dosage. Methods: Prospective study in consecutive patients with an acute stroke admitted between June 2016 and November 2018. Results: 160 patients were treated with intravenous thrombolysis, 50% female; mean age 65.4 +/- 18.5 years. Of these, 48 patients (30%) received LrtPA. In univariate analysis, LrtPA was associated with patient's age (p=0.000), previous modified Rankin scale scores (mRS)(p0.000), hypertension (p=0.076), diabetes mellitus (p=0.021), hypercholesterolemia (p= 0.19), smoki ng (p=0.06), atrial fibrillation (p=0.10), history of coronary artery disease (p=0.06), previous treatment with anti platelet agents (p0.000), admission International Normalized Ratio-INR (p=0.18), platelet count (p=0.045), leukoaraiosis on neuroimaging (p0.003), contraindications for thrombolytic treatment (p=0.000) and endovascular treatment (p=0.027). Previous relevant bleedings were determinants for treatment with LrtPA. Final diagnosis on discharge of stroke mimic was significant (p=0.02) for treatment with SrtPA. In multivariate analysis, mRS (OR: 2.21; 95%CI 1.37-14.19), previous antiplatelet therapy (OR: 11.41; 95%CI 3.98-32.70), contraindications for thrombolysis (OR: 56.10; 95%CI 8.81-357.80), leukoaraiosis (OR: 4.41; 95%CI 1.37-14.10) and diagnosis of SM (OR: 0.22; 95%CI 0.10-0.40) remained independently associated. Conclusions: Following the ENCHANTED trial, LrtPA was restricted to 30% of our patients. The criteria that clinicians apply are based mostly on clinical variables that may increase the risk of brain or systemic hemorrhage or exclude the patient from treatment with lytic drugs.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000600286500003 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 78
Número: 11
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 681
Página final: 686


Notas: ISI