Seasonal Variability of SST Fronts in the Inner Sea of Chiloe and Its Adjacent Coastal Ocean, Northern Patagonia

Saldias, Gonzalo S.; Hernandez, Wilber; Lara, Carlos; Munoz, Richard; Rojas, Cristian; Vasquez, Sebastian; Perez-Santos, Ivan; Soto-Mardones, Luis

Abstract

Surface oceanic fronts are regions characterized by high biological activity. Here, Sea Surface Temperature (SST) fronts are analyzed for the period 2003-2019 using the Multi-scale Ultra-high Resolution (MUR) SST product in northern Patagonia, a coastal region with high environmental variability through river discharges and coastal upwelling events. SST gradient magnitudes were maximum off Chiloe Island in summer and fall, coherent with the highest frontal probability in the coastal oceanic area, which would correspond to the formation of a coastal upwelling front in the meridional direction. Increased gradient magnitudes in the Inner Sea of Chiloe (ISC) were found primarily in spring and summer. The frontal probability analysis revealed the highest occurrences were confined to the northern area (north of Desertores Islands) and around the southern border of Boca del Guafo. An Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis was performed to clarify the dominant modes of variability in SST gradient magnitudes. The meridional coastal fronts explained the dominant mode (78% of the variance) off Chiloe Island, which dominates in summer, whereas the SST fronts inside the ISC (second mode; 15.8%) were found to dominate in spring and early summer (October-January). Future efforts are suggested focusing on high frontal probability areas to study the vertical structure and variability of the coastal fronts in the ISC and its adjacent coastal ocean.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:000611556100001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: REMOTE SENSING
Volumen: 13
Número: 2
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021
DOI:

10.3390/rs13020181

Notas: ISI