Filament Rotation in the California L1482 Cloud

Alvarez-Gutierrez, R. H.; Stutz, A. M.; Law, C. Y.; Reissl, S.; Klessen, R. S.; Leigh, N. W. C.; Liu, H-L; Reeves, R. A.


We analyze the gas mass distribution, the gas kinematics, and the young stellar objects of the California Molecular Cloud L1482 filament. The mean Gaia DR2 YSO distance is 511(-16)(+17) pc. In terms of the gas, the line-mass (M/L) profiles are symmetric scale-free power laws consistent with cylindrical geometry. We calculate the gravitational potential and field profiles based on these. Our IRAM 30 m multi-tracer position-velocity diagrams highlight twisting and turning structures. We measure the (CO)-O-18 velocity profile perpendicular to the southern filament ridgeline. The profile is regular, confined (projected r less than or similar to 0.4 pc), antisymmetric, and, to first order, linear, with a break at r similar to 0.25 pc. We use a simple solid-body rotation toy model to interpret it. We show that the centripetal force, compared to gravity, increases toward the break; when the ratio of forces approaches unity, the profile turns over, just before the implied filament breakup. The timescales of the inner (outer) gradients are similar to 0.7 (6.0) Myr. The timescales and relative roles of gravity to rotation indicate that the structure is stable, long lived (similar to a few times 6 Myr), and undergoing outside-in evolution. This filament has practically no star formation, a perpendicular Planck plane-of-the-sky magnetic field morphology, and 2D "zig-zag" morphology, which together with the rotation profile lead to the suggestion that the 3D shape is a "corkscrew" filament. These results, together with results in other regions, suggest evolution toward higher densities as rotating filaments shed angular momentum. Thus, magnetic fields may be an essential feature of high-mass (M similar to 10(5) M) cloud filament evolution toward cluster formation.

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Título según WOS: Filament Rotation in the California L1482 Cloud
Volumen: 908
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI